Greed is lust expressed in nonsexual ways. Grows out of the suspicion that God will not take care of our needs as well as we can do it ourselves. Expressed in five ways:
- Avarice is inordinate pursuit of wealth and material things by either honest or dishonest means. Antidote: generosity or liberality
- Inordinate ambition captures the lust of power and status. Antidote: servanthood or sacrificiality
- Prodigality is wastefulness and extravagance. Antidote: discipline, self-sacrifice or simplicity
- Penuriousness is stinginess. Comes from an obsession with security and imagine that wealth can project us. Antidote: faith in God’s abundance
- Domination insists on having things our own way. Opposed by surrender or pacificsm
Found this on beliefnet about this deadly sin
In the Inferno, Dante decided that the punishment for avarice should be having your face pressed into the earth for eternity (in Circle 4)–a reminder that you had cared too much about earthly concerns.
More from Michael Mangis on this most interesting topic
Lust is rooted in the belief that God’s love is not enough to satisfy our longing for intimacy. Purity is the antidote. Various expressions of lust:
- Unchastity—all forms of sexual expression outside of marriage, including unfaithfulness. Fidelity and chastity
- Immodesty—attempt to stimulate sexual desire in others or in oneself thru inappropriate dress, words, actions, images or fantasies
- Prudery—fear of, or condemnation of sex and sexuality. Playfulness or passion
- Cruelty—desire to inflict physical or mental pain on others. Needs compassion or empathy
- Masochism—lust of power over another person or animal
Continuing in the series from Michael Mangis book, Signature Sins
He offers self-discipline as the antidote for gluttony but notes that we need to address the specific desire which is being pursued. Others would use the word “disordered desire.”
An inordinate or inappropriate anger is directed at selfish and mundane matters. The antidote to anger is dependent on the source of the anger. If control is the problem, then we need to surrender, if criticism is the problem, then we need humility, if rage is our issue then we need peace etc. Mangis gives five different forms of anger.
Resentment: a refusal to accept God’s will and a refusal to move on. Responds to forgiveness and release.
Retaliation: refuses to forgive and seeks vengeance on those who have done wrong. Needs pardon
Paranoia: anticipates the worst. Met with trust
Obsequiousness: inordinate rejection of anger and a refusal to take responsible dominion in the world. Although I didn’t write down what Mangis said, I would guess the need here is self-awareness and honesty.
Envy is “constant discontent, suspicion that God is withholding. Greed is primarily about material possessions and envy is about one’s place in the world. Greed wants the good things others have, envy wants to be the only one who has good things.
The antidote for envy: contentment, gratititude, joy and satisfaction.
Three forms of envy:
- Jealousy—a form of envy that guards what one already has. Antidote: liberality, good will, kindness or abundance
- Malice—a form of envy that truly wishes ill for others and delights in observing and contributing to other’s pain. Antidote: peace, kindness or gentleness
- Contempt—heaps scorn on others virtues or abilities. May end up as racism, sexism, or classism. Antidote: love and generosity
The first signature sin Michael Mangis talks about is pride–the greatest sin for C.S. Lewis (see Mere Christianity). Following are an expansion of the various types of pride that Mangis gives–sorry, I didn’t write down the pages on these. On a side note, as I was trying to find some pictures of pride, I discovered to my surprise by the extent that pride has been co-opted by the G-L-B movement.
Pride—refusal to submit to God; antidote–humility. Wikki gives the following definition from Augustine, “the love of one’s own excellence.”
Outward Pride—arrogant, haughty and snobbish manners, oblivious to others
- Vanity—taking credit for, and boasting about that which should actually be credited to God. An inordinate focus on one’s own image—antidote is modesty
- Arrogance—a demanding, overbearing and opinionated form of pride
- Snoberty—pride over race, family class etc that artificially creates a sense of superiority; antidote of simplicity
- Disobedience-disregard for God’s law-obedience is antidote
Inward Pride—obsesses with others and how they feel about him. Secret pride
- Distrust—rejection of God’s will in favor of one’s own will
- Perfectionism—desire to do everything perfectly—grace or brokenness is antidote
- Sentimentality—substitutes pious emotion, pomp and beauty for true private reverence and obedience to God. Antidote is seriousness or simplicity
- Presumption—distortion of hope, Placing inordinate and disrespectful reliance on self rather than on God. Anitidote–contrition